Jonathan Swift was a crafty in his work for Satiricicizin with Political satire, religious and Social Satire filled with Humor, Irony Comically and corrosively. He insused the 18th Century people with Imagination of Lillitpution and Lemuel Gulliver with his story book of 4 voyages. Lilliput. Yahoos, Brobdingnag & Laputa.
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Written by Jonathan Swift, Gulliver’s Travels is the story of the adventures of Lemuel Gulliver, the narrator and protagonist of the story. Gulliver is a married surgeon from Nottinghamshire, England, who has a taste for traveling. He works as a surgeon on ships and eventually becomes a ship captain.
Through one unfortunate event at sea to the next, Gulliver finds himself stranded in foreign lands and absurd situations, from being captured by the miniature Lilliputians to befriending talking horses, the Houyhnhnms. Although Gulliver’s vivid and detailed storytelling makes it clear that he is intelligent and well-educated, his perceptions are naïve and gullible. Gulliver never thinks that the absurdities he encounters are funny, and never makes the satiric connections between the lands he visits and his own home.
Gulliver’s adventures begin in Lilliput, when he wakes up after his shipwreck to find himself bound by the tiny threads of the Lilliputians, a civilization of miniature people fewer than six inches tall. They shout at him and poke him with their tiny arrows, and then construct a wagon to carry him into the capital city to present him to the emperor.
The emperor decides to keep Gulliver captive, spending a fortune to feed him. Because of his tiny size, his belief that he can control Gulliver seems silly, but his willingness to execute his subjects for minor reasons of politics or honor gives him a frightening aspect. The emperor decides to use Gulliver as a weapon in the war against the Blefuscu, another society of tiny people whom the Lilliputians hate because of perceived differences concerning the proper way to eat eggs. Lilliputians and Blefuscudians are prone to conspiracies and jealousies, and are quick to take advantage of Gulliver in political intrigues of various sorts.
A fire breaks out in the royal palace, and Gulliver extinguishes the fire by urinating on it. As a result of having urinated on the royal palace, he is tried and convicted of treason and sentenced to be shot in the eyes and then starved to death. But, he escapes to Blefuscu, where he finds a boat, is able to repair it, and sets sail for home, England.
Gulliver’s Travels is Jonathan Swift’s masterwork of satire. This lengthy story follows Gulliver to a number of strange, unknown countries inhabited by all manner of unexpected people and creatures. Each stop on Gulliver’s journey allows Swift to satirize some aspect of English life in the early Enlightenment period.Early in Gulliver’s Travels Gulliver finds himself washed up on the shores of a land called Lilliput. After a while he observes a Lilliputian ritual called the “Rope Dance.” Here, according to Gulliver, is the purpose of the dance:When a great office is vacant, either by death or disgrace (which often happens) five or six of those candidates petition the emperor to entertain his majesty, and the court, with a dance on the rope, and whoever jumps the highest, without falling, succeeds in the office.Swift is satirizing the English monarchy. He is saying that governmental positions are filled based not in knowledge and ability, but by some other criteria that really has nothing to do a candidate’s ability to do the job. Just as the Lilliputians use rope dancing to fill important positions, the English of that time often filled positions based on noble birth, patronage, or political favoritism.Of course, the English were not the only ones to do this, and the practice is still employed today. Just look at how often campaign supporters are hired by governors and presidents to fill important posts.